Life without Windows or OS X

GNU/Linux is quite possibly the most important free software achievement since the original Space War, or, more recently, Emacs. It has developed into an operating system for business, education, and personal productivity. GNU/Linux is no longer only for UNIX wizards who sit for hours in front of a glowing console. Are you thinking about switching to Linux and want to learn how to use it? Have you been using GNU/Linux for some time and want to learn even more? This is the place for you.

Sunday, October 29, 2017

Why does virtual box only have 32-bit option and no 64-bit option?

If  Virtual Box is only showing 32 bit versions in the Version list

Make sure: Your Host OS is 64-bits.

Make sure: Intel Virtualization Technology and VT-d are both enabled in the BIOS.

The Hyper-V platform is disabled in your Windows Feature list.

Note: All PC’s have different types of BIOS versions

Step 1. Close all windows and restart your computer.
Step 2. When the screen goes black, press f12. (Many computer and laptops have different keys like esc, f2 or f10)
Step 3. Go to configuration tab and select Intel Virtual Technology. (if your PC is set to their default settings, then it’s turned off or disabled by default.)
Step 4. Enable the Intel Virtual Technology and press f10 to save your settings and restart your PC.

Thursday, October 26, 2017

Chromium open-source Chrome

The first web browser was invented in 1990 by Sir Tim Berners-Lee. Since then web browsers have ranged in features from text-based user interfaces with just support for HTML to rich user interfaces supporting a wide variety of file formats and protocols.

As of October, 2017 Google Chrome is the most popular web browser out there. You can download it on you GNU distribution without a problem. However, if you are trying to have a computer with only free software Chrome is not the way to go. For the free software fan, the is Chromium.

Chromium is an open-source browser project that forms the basis for the Chrome web browser. When Google first gave us Chrome back in 2008, they also released the Chromium source code on which Chrome was based as an open-source project. So that means that the open-source code is maintained by a group calling itself the Chromium Project, while Chrome itself is maintained by Google.

While Chrome is based on Chromium, Google adds a number of closed-source bits to their Chrome browser that Chromium lacks. Specifically, Google takes Chromium and then adds AAC, H.264, MP3, and Adobe Flash (PPAPI)support. By default, Chromium only supports Vorbis, Theora and WebM formats for the HTML5 audio and video tags.

Chromium automatically translates pages into a language you understand for your convenience. It uses a multiprocess architecture, which protects you from having a bad Web page or application take your browser down. Every tab, window, and plug-in runs in its own environment so one faulty site won't affect anything else that you have open. This approach will consume more RAM which is one of its biggest flaws is how much of your computer’s RAM it eats up.

If you’re fully immersed in the Google ecosystem, using Chromium makes perfect sense. It ties in with your Google account, allowing you to sync settings and bookmarks between computers as it is available for Mac, Windows, and Linux distributions.

Wednesday, October 25, 2017

Ubuntu 17.10 Artful Aardvark

Canonical has abandoned its Unity interface in favor of the new GNOME 3.26 desktop and has also replaced its homegrown Mir display server with Wayland.Unity was introduced by Canonical in 2010 and became the default desktop experience on Ubuntu with the release of Ubuntu 11.04. I was never a fan of Unity.I was never exactly sure how Canonical could defend it. Before Unity, Ubuntu ran the GNOME desktop. This was back during the GNOME 2.x days, with the top and bottom bar that everyone had grown accustomed to. When the GNOME developers shifted their entire design philosophy to a more modern, simplified interface, Canonical opted to go another direction with their own desktop (Unity).

Ubuntu 17.10 ships with the 4.13 Linux kernel. This enables the latest hardware and peripherals from ARM, IBM, Dell, Intel, and others. This kernel adds support for OPAL-encrypted disk drives along with numerous disk I/O improvements. Ubuntu 16.04.4 will have all of that as well.The other notable Ubuntu 17.10 features are initial Intel Cannonlake and Coffeelake support, DRM sync object support, and AMD Raven Ridge support which is new on the AMDGPU CPU.Ubuntu is officially dropping 32-bit builds of the Ubuntu 17.10 desktop.

For those that are concerned about getting their work done with GNU/Linux. Ubuntu comes with everything you need to run your organization, school, home or enterprise. All the essential applications, like an office suite, browsers, email and media apps come pre-installed and thousands more games and applications are available in the Ubuntu Software Center.

Ubuntu Software mostly deals with desktop applications and not all packages will show up in searches. The command line APT tools will work with command line tools, games, and libraries which do not show up in Ubuntu Software. If command line is not your thing, there is Synaptic. It is a graphical front-end to apt, the package management system in Ubuntu. It combines the point-and-click simplicity of the graphical user interface with the power of the apt-get command line tool. You can install, remove, configure, or upgrade software packages, browse, sort and search the list of available software packages, manage repositories, or upgrade the whole system. However, Synaptic is no longer installed by default in Ubuntu 11.10, however, it is still useful in some situations.

Ubuntu 17.10 is available to download right now. Artful Aardvark for desktops comes in at 1.4GB.